Question Answer
National Planning Focus of Fed Programs – Fed Housing (HUD)Fed Transportation (FHWA, FTA) Fed Environmental (Army Corps of Engg)
Multistate Planning Across state boundaries- Environmental and Transportation eg. Tenessee Valley Authority … multi-state planning (flood management, electricity)
TEA 21 Funding for multi-state corridor planning
State Planning Flood plainEnvironmental Protection Dillon's rule
First to introduce mandatory Statewide Planning Hawaii
Statewide Growth Management Plan Maryland
Dillon's Rule State Idaho, Maryland and Michigan
Home Rule State Oregon,New Jersey, Massachusetts, Only Chartered Cities in CA
Sub-state Planning Parks, Environmental, Transportationeg. Silicon Valley – economic sub-state area
County Planning County-Multi-jurisdictionalHazard Mitigation Growth Management Intergovernmnetal Coop
Urban Planning Mostly City focus – Redevelopment/Infill, Traffic Management, Poverty and Heat Island
Urban Heat Island An urban heat island (UHI) is a metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas. advantages – less chance of tornadoesdisadvantages – hotter cities
Suburban Planning Foreclosure, Sprawl, Connectivity, Infrastructure
Placemaking Converting suburbs into 'places' … building a sense of community
Rural Planning Access to InfrastructureFarm EconomicsSmall Town CharacterSocial and health services
Corridor Planning Corridor Transportation PlanningNational Corridor PlanningScenic Corridor PlanningGreenway/Blueway Planning
Issues in Corridor Planning ConnectivitySafetyParkingDesign
SAFETEA-LU Safe Accountable Flexible Eficient Transportation Equity Act – A Legacy for Users Grant program for corridor planning
Proposed I-69(NAFTA Super Highway) Brownsville to CanadaTrans-Tex Corridor (initiative out of NAFTA)
National Scenic Byway Program 1992 Preserve the quality of scenic corridorsUS-1, Elvis Priestly Scenic Hwy (Tenessee to Mississippi)
Neighborhood Neighborhood Unit Concept (Clarence Perry)- 1 mile square area- Arterial roads running on the four sides- Retail, Housing, School and Park- eg. Amarillo, Texas
Waterfront Planning Water AccessibiltyEnvironmental conditionsHazard mitigationEconomic viability
Clean Water Act 1972 Major amendments -Clean Water Act of 1977 -Water Quality Act of 1987
Historic Districts National Register DistrictsState Level Districts
National Historic Act 1966, last amended in 2006The National Register of Historic Places, overseen by the National Park Service
Downtown Planning (similar to Urban Planning) Traffic CirculationDowntown Housing and RetailBusiness Improvement Districts
Business Improvement Districts Property owners agree to a tax rate in exchange for certain enhancement of services, facilities etc. (police patrol, street cleaning etc.)
Special Assessment District (SAD)vs.Business Improvement District (BID)vs. Special District (SD) BID: agree on increase of tax rate SAD: one time increase in property tax associated with the cost of a one-time improvement SD: Isolated taxing unit eg. Fire Improvement Dist leving increase in taxes for special fire services in certain areas
Consolidated Plan Required by the US Dept. of Housing for Block Grant Funding
Who is primarily responsible for Flood Control projects? Planning is done at the National Level US Army Corps of Eng. is responsible for flood control projects.
MPO vs. COG MPO: transportation only, can be a COG (SCAG, SANDAG) COG: can be part of an MPO, can be a city govt. that serves the region in that role, responsible for regional planning issues (solid waste planning, reg. water, growth mngnt etc.) – started 1950
Community Development Corporation (CDC) Non-profit org. that have specific purpose (eg. comm. housing) – eligible for low – income housing tax credits and other fed programs – geog. specific